Have any questions?

GET A QUOTE NOW!

What is the 2nd Conditional?

What is the 2nd Conditional?

     Do you need to review the ZERO or the FIRST conditional?

   What is the 2nd Conditional?


We create the 2nd conditional with this structure:

IF + past simple/would + infinitive

If I had more money, I would buy a car.

conditional

 You can also replace ‘would’ with another modal verb: could


We use the second conditional:

 

  • to speak about unreal/hypothetical situations in the present or future
  • to speak about dreams and fantasies
  • to give someone advice

 

You can change the clause positions, but remove the comma.

If clause’ first: If I lived in the USA, I would visit all 50 states. (with comma)

‘If clause’ second: I would visit all 50 states if I lived in the USA. (no comma)

The meaning is the SAME!

 

 

conditionals

 


 

We use the second conditional

to speak about unreal/hypothetical situations in the present and future:

Example:

If there were 25 hours in a day, I could do more work.

This is a hypothetical situation. There are only 24 hours in a day. This is not possible.

 

2nd conditional

 


We use the second conditional

to speak about dreams and fantasies:

If I were taller, I could be a model.

I am fantasising. This is a hypothetical situation. I could never be a model.

 

2nd conditional

 


We use the second conditional

to give someone advice:

We give someone advice by saying: If I were you…

If I were you, I’d see a doctor about your headaches.

I am giving you advice. This is a hypothetical situation because I am not you. I could never be you.

 

2nd conditional

 

Do you want to sound more natural? Always contract ‘I WOULD’ in spoken English.

X  I would

☑ I’d


Did you enjoy today’s blog? You can download a copy of today’s lesson:

2nd Conditional PDF

 

Do you live in Bristol, England? Do you want to improve your English? Come to Language Connected for a free level test. Book your test online HERE!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *